A covenant is a legally binding agreement between two or more parties, based
on unlimited responsibility. The two parties are YAHUVEH and us. It is important
we understand HIS Covenants. Everything HE has done, is doing, and will do is
based on these. As HE operates by these, so we are to operate. All other
agreements, accords, etc. are of satan. On the other hand, a contract is based
on limited liability. Therefore, a covenant is trust between parties, and a
contract is distrust between parties. A covenant cannot be broken if new
circumstances occur, a contract is voided by mutual consent.
1. The Covenant In Eden (Genesis 1:26-28, 2:15-17)
Man was to fill the whole earth with his descendents.
Man was to have dominion over animals, but not eat them. Rather his food was
to consist of the trees and plants (herbs, vegetables and fruits).
Man was to maintain the garden (the Torah).
Man was to abstain from eating the fruit of the tree of the knowledge of
good and evil (false religion).
The penalty for disobedience was death.
2. The Covenant with Adam (Genesis 3:14-19)
There is a curse upon the man, woman, and serpent.
There is a promise of a Redeemer.
There is a promise of the defeat of the serpent (satan) by the seed of the
woman, the Messiah.
3. The Covenant with Noah (Genesis 8:21-9:17, 24-27)
The promise that a flood will never destroy the earth again.
Institutes the principle of human government to curb sin.
This is the first biblical covenant to specify a sign: the rainbow.
4. The Covenant with Abraham (Genesis 12:1-3, 15, 17)
The covenant promises a land, a people, and great blessing to Abraham.
The covenant also promises great blessing to the world through one of
Abrahamís descendents, the Messiah.
Is also referred to as the "covenant of the promise."
The scripture records the ratification of the covenant as well as the
covenant sign: the circumcision.
5. The Covenant with Moshe (Moses) (Exodus 19-24, 31)
This covenant assumes the continuity of the Abrahamic covenant.
It is a multifaceted covenant designed to enable the children of Israel to
enjoy the promises YAHUVEH made to Abraham.
This covenant shows us how to receive, benefit and approach YAHUVEH.
The covenant sign: the Shabbat (remember, we are commanded to remember/keep
the Sabbath. Exo. 31:12-19).
6. The Covenant with David (2 Samuel 7:12-16)
This covenant continues the Abrahamic and Mosaic covenants made with the
descendents of Israel.
It is made with David (kingly dynasty), assuring him of the continuation of
his ruling dynasty. He was the last descendant who would sit upon Davidís
throne and rule over the united house of Israel will be the Messiah. Sign: the
7. The Renewed or New Covenant (Jeremiah 31;31-34, Hebrews 8:6-13, Matthew
This covenant assumes the continuation of the previous Israelite covenants.
It is a renewal of those covenants.
The ratification of this covenant takes place in the period of the Brit
Hadasha (New Testament).
Some of the promises of this covenant await fulfillment in the Messianic
This covenant also states the following:
"I will put my Torah in their minds and write it on their
hearts." (Jer. 31:33)
"I will be their Elohim and they will be My people." (Jer.
"They will know the Lord." (Jer. 31:34)
"I will forgive their sins." (Jer. 31:34)
"I will give you a new heart." (Ezek.36:22-30)
Sign: blood of YAHUSHUA the Messiah
The first three covenants are universal, applying to the whole of creation.
The fourth covenant is unconditional and the 5th covenant is
It is important that we receive and being to walk out the Abrahamic covenant;
without this covenant, we do not move to the promises and blessings contained in
The Cutting of a Covenant
We are shown this process in Genesis 15:9-20. Abraham is told by YAHUVEH to
cut the pieces in half and place each piece opposite its counterpart.
In this instance only YAHUVEH walks between the pieces. Why? YAHUVEH is
telling us that he is the ONLY ONE who can establish this covenant forever.
The responsibility of maintaining it is on HIM, yet Abraham (and us;
remember, "all nations blessed through Abraham") is shown, that
this covenant is being established with us forever.
When a covenant was cut, both parties would walk between the pieces.
As they did this, they would say, "if one of us breaks this covenant,
then what has happened to the animal will happen to us." As each person
passed the other, it was called pass over.
This covenant was considered a completed work; they understood what they
had inherited, do we?
Note the number order of each covenant
We were to be ONE with YAHUVEH
Division, Struggle, Witness
We struggled with YAHUVEH, which brought division, yet there is the
witness of a promised redeemer.
Divine of YAHUVEH
The sins of man had become evil continually, with the divine mercy of
YAHUVEH the world is destroyed by water-a mikvah ritual cleansing with a
Works of Messiah
The works of the Messiah begin with the promise being made to
Grace of YAHUVEH
The grace of YAHUVEH extended and now enabling us to enjoy the
promises HE made through Abraham.
Man; David as a type of YAHUSHUA who was a human yet divine. We
see here with David, how man fully controlled by YAHUVEH is to operate in
his final restored state.
Completion, Perfection, Sabbath
We are now completed, perfected, renewed in the final Messianic
reign. We rest-Shabbat in HIM.
Finally, the Blessings of Obedience are listed in KiSavo (When You Enter)
Deuteronomy Chapter 28.